It focuses on the anterior segment of the eye which includes cornea, iris, ciliary body, and lens.
As most of the general eye doctor called ophthalmologists perform cataract surgery on a regular basis, this is not a sub-specialization in the sense that the others are. However, it is a distinct field of ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists with this sub-specialization commonly perform refractive surgery, which aims to correct refractive errors in the eye (surgery to remove eyeglass). Eye doctors who are specialized in refractive surgery is called Refractive Surgeon.
It is the specialty focused in Conjunctiva, Sclera, cornea and Eyelid disorders. The common problem such as Dry eye, conjunctivitis corneal ulcer, red eye due to Episcleritis and Scleritis are treated by these specialists.
The subspecialty of ophthalmology focus on treating glaucoma by lowering intraocular pressure and prevent from visual field defect due to optic nerve damage.
This Neuro-ophthalmology subspecialty is the combination of about nerve related (neurological) and ophthalmic conditions, such as disease of the optic nerve which cause disrupts visual ability.
Ocular oncology is the subspecialty which deals with the treatment of eye cancer.
Deals with treating eye disorder related to the children. It is focused on children’s eye care. This specialist is known as the pediatric ophthalmologist (Children’s eye doctor).
Deals with iris, ciliary body, and choroid related disease of the eye and immune state.
Deals with disease related to vitreous and Retina. The eye doctor specialized in surgery of this subspecialty is known as Vitreo Retina Surgeon. Due to emerging Non-communicable disease in the world such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, these subspecialty has greater scope in the developed country. Diabetes Retinopathy is also leading cause for the burden of blindness in eye health.
Deals with both ophthalmology and pathology.