World Diabetes Day 2020 : NURSES MAKE THE DIFFERENCE

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What is Diabetes?

It is a condition when our body cannot produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that converts the sugar we eat to the energy we need to perform our daily activities.

What are the types of Diabetes?


The body cannot make insulin. You must take insulin made artificially. Usually diagnosed in childhood.

Type 2:

Insulin Resistance as insulin produced in the body cannot work to convert Sugar. You need to take medication to make insulin work properly in the body.

What is World Diabetes Day?

World Diabetes Day (WDD) was started to be celebrated since the year 1991. The campaign was started by the International Diabetes Federation(IDF) and the World Health Organization(WHO). The campaign was started in response to the surging increase in the health threats made by diabetes around the globe.

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is an umbrella organization of over 230 national diabetes associations in 170 countries and territories. It represents the interests of the growing number of people with diabetes and those at risk. The Federation has been leading the global diabetes community since 1950.

From 2006, WDD became an official United Nations Day. Sir Frederick Banting with Charles Best discovered insulin in 1992, thus the celebration of WDD is made every year on November 14 on his birth date. WDD is the world’s Largest Diabetic Awareness campaign that reaches 1Billion people every year.

WDD draws attention to issues of greater importance to the diabetic world and keeps diabetes dynamically in the public and political spotlight.

The World Diabetes Day campaign aims to be the:

• Platform to promote IDF advocacy efforts throughout the year.

Global driver to promote the importance of taking coordinated and concerted actions  to confront diabetes as a critical global health issue.

What is the Blue Circle in Diabetes Campaign?

The campaign is represented by a Blue circle. Thus, Blue Circle around the world in the Global Symbol for Diabetes since 2007. The circle is meant to bring all the communities around the world together to fight for health concerns brought up by diabetes.

What is the World Diabetes Day theme for 2020?

Every Year, World Diabetes Day Focuses on a particular Campaign that runs for a whole year. World Diabetes Day 2020 theme is The Nurse and Diabetes.

International Diabetes Federation(IDF) Believes nurses have a role to be your diabetic educator. Nurses make a difference. The world still lacks 6 million nurses.  In 2020, the World Diabetes Day campaign focuses on promoting the role of nurses in the prevention and management of diabetes.

Facts on Diabetes World


  • 1 in 10 people is diabetic.
  • 463 million adults (1-in-11) were living with diabetes in 2019 The number of people living with diabetes is expected to rise to 578 million by 2030.
  • 1 in 2 adults with diabetes remains undiagnosed (232 million). The majority have type 2 diabetes.
  • More than 3 in 4 people with diabetes live in low and middle-income countries.
  • 1 in 6 live births (20 million) is affected by high blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) in pregnancy.
  • Two-thirds of people with diabetes live in urban areas and three-quarters are of working age.
  • 1 in 5 people with diabetes (136 million) is above 65 years old.
  • Diabetes caused 4.2 million deaths in 2019.
  • Diabetes was responsible for at least $760 billion in health expenditure in 2019 – 10% of the global total spent on healthcare.


  • Nurses account for 59% of health professionals – the largest occupational group
  • The global nursing workforce is 27.9 million, of which 19.3 million are professionals
  • The global shortage of nurses is estimated to be 5.9 million, of which 89% is in low and lower-middle-income countries
  • Nursing graduates need to increase by 8% a year to overcome the predicted global shortfall by 2030
  • Approximately 90% of the nursing workforce is female.

More facts:

  • Nurses and midwives account for nearly 50% of the health workforce.
  • Of the 43.5 million health workers in the world, it is estimated that 20.7 million are nurses and midwives.
  • Significant funding is needed to improve nursing education, increase recruitment and retention of nurses and equip nurses to deliver vital diabetes care.

What will Diabetes do to you?

  • Risk of Stroke: 4times more risk to diabetics than Normal person.
  • Loss of Consciousness: Lack of insulin cause the liver to break fat to release ketone and energy. Ketone is a blood acid that causes loss of consciousness.
  • Sweet Smelling Breath: Sign of presence of extreme ketones in the blood.
  • Extreme Thirst: The first symptom felt by any patient with dry mouth and thirst.
  • Visual Disturbance and Blindness: Changing lens density and retinal bleeding. Causes Cataract, Glaucoma and Diabetic Retinopathy.
  • Risk of high blood pressure
  • Heart Diseases: Results due to damaged blood vessels and high blood pressure.
  • Fatigue and lack of energy: As body severely lack glucose to function.
  • Damaged Pancreas: Result of which you are diabetic.
  • Excessive urination and protein in the blood.
  • Nerve and Blood Vessels  Damage.
  • Toe Problems, Skin Problems, and risk of fungal infection.
  • Delayed Would Healing, Sleepiness
  • Gastritis.
  • Kidney Damage

Activities on World Diabetes Day

Types of activities done to address World Diabetic Month followed by diabetic day are Activity in schools, Media activity, Meeting/exhibition/fair, Nurse themed activity, Physical activity, Screening for type 2 diabetes, Screening for diabetes complications, Screening for gestational diabetes, etc.

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