National Immunization Schedule of Nepal as of National Immunization Programme (NIP) is the priority 1 (P1) program of Nepal. Launched as “Expanded Program on Immunization” in 2034 BS, the national Immunization program has met several milestones during the past decades, including reduction of under 5 mortality goal (MDG 4). Currently, 11 antigens are provided through the national immunization program. Nepal is polio-free since 2010 and has switched to bOPV from tOPV since April 17 2016 (Baisakh 5 2073). Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination status has been sustained since 2005.
National Immunization Schedule Chart
The goal of the National Immunization Program: To reduce child mortality, morbidity and disability associated with vaccine-preventable diseases.
|S.N.||Name of Vaccine||Work for disease||When to give vaccine|
|1||Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG)||Tuberculosis||At birth (1 Dose)|
|2||DPT-HepB-HiB||Diphtheria||6, 10, 14 weeks|
|Hepatitis B and|
|Haemophilus influenzae type b|
|3||Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)||Polio||6, 10, 14 weeks|
|4||Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)||Pneumococcal diseases (meninges, ear and chest infections)||6, 10 weeks and 9 months|
|5||Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)||Polio||14 weeks|
|6||Measles – Rubella (MR)||Measles and Rubella (German measles)||9 and 15 months|
|7||Japanese Encephalitis (JE)||Japanese Encephalitis||12 months|
|8||Tetanus Diphtheria (Td) (For expecting mother)||Tetanus and Diphtheria||2 doses 1 month apart during Pregnancy|