Retinoblastoma is a cancer that starts in the retina, the very back part of the eye. It is the most common type of eye cancer in children.
Retinoblastoma may occur in one or both eyes. It begins in the retina, the layer of nerve cells lining the back of the eye. This cancer grows from the inner part of the eye (retina) and can spread to the whole part of the eye and cause blindness. If its treatment is delayed, it can spread to other parts of the body.
The disease doesn’t have many symptoms in the initial stage. There is an occurrence of white colour in the centre of the eye (pupil), eyes appear to be looking in different directions, and redness and swelling are some of the symptoms. However, according to doctors, these symptoms often go unnoticed. The child also doesn’t complain.
Symptoms of Retinoblastoma
The main presenting symptoms of children diagnosed with Rb in the UK between 2012 and 2018*, were:
- Leukocoria – 70%
- Strabismus – 33%
- Change in colour of iris – 13%
- Redness or swelling without infection – 6%
- Roaming eyes / child not focusing – 6%
- Loss of vision – 6%
- Absence of red eye – 1%
Over 90 per cent of children diagnosed with Retinoblastoma will survive but more than half will lose an eye in order to stop cancer spreading. It is a very aggressive cancer, so early diagnosis is vital to save a child’s sight, eyes and life. (Source https://www.essilor.co.uk/blog/all-about-essilor/retinoblastoma-awareness-week)
World Retinoblastoma Week Campaign Summary
Achieving early diagnosis through awareness of white pupil as the most common early sign of retinoblastoma, and increasing understanding of global issues in care for children, families and adult survivors.
Online Course on Fundamentals of Retinoblastoma
After completion of this course you will able to List six possible presenting signs of retinoblastoma, List three causes of white pupil other than retinoblastoma, List two key steps that are employed to make a diagnosis of most cases of retinoblastoma after you see the white pupil, List two recognized classification schemes for retinoblastoma and give the significance of each, Know how many mutations are required to result in retinoblastoma and give two ways the tumor can arise, List the five components of consolidation therapy.
If you are an Eye Health Professionals or students, You can Join the Free Online Classes.